Tropical Depression 04E

Passive Microwave (PMW) Intensity Information
Advanced Dvorak Technique
Version 9.1

       --Overpass--              --ARCHER--   Ring  Ring            Eye              BT   -Forecast-  
       Date    Time      Sat     Lat    Lon   Diam   Pct  TbDiff   Score  Meaning   Vmax  Lat    Lon                 
     20230721 100500     AMSR2   15.4 -123.0   157   12%    2.30   -2.30      N/A   30.0  14.8 -122.8 Analysis Plot     
     20230721 133549  SSMISF16   14.8 -123.9   N/A   N/A     N/A     N/A      N/A   30.0  15.2 -123.6 Analysis Plot     
     20230721 180436       GMI   16.0 -124.7   N/A   N/A     N/A     N/A      N/A   30.0  15.4 -124.2 Analysis Plot     
     20230722 003544  SSMISF18   16.4 -126.4    23   N/A    3.17   -3.17      N/A   30.0  16.1 -125.6 Analysis Plot     
     20230722 024246  SSMISF17   16.3 -127.1   N/A   N/A     N/A     N/A      N/A   30.0  16.1 -126.8 Analysis Plot     
     20230722 104850     AMSR2   16.9 -128.9   N/A   N/A     N/A     N/A      N/A   30.0  16.8 -128.8 Analysis Plot     

  - Overpass Date/Time are determined from satellite overpass of targeted TC (position determined from Best Track Lat/Lon position). Date is YYYYMMDD and time in HHMMSS (UTC).

  - Forecast (Best Track) and ARCHER positions (deg) of the TC center at overpass day/time. Positive/Negative: Latitude = North/South Hemisphere; Longitude = Eastern/Western Hemisphere.

  - BT Vmax is the concurrent ATCF Best Track (BT) wind speed intensity estimate (Vmax) value from either NOAA/National Hurricane Center (NHC) (North Atlantic and Northeast Pacific), NOAA/Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC) (North-central Pacific) or Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) (Northwest Pacific, Indian Ocean, or Southwest Pacific).

  - Sat is the satellite descriptor providing the overpass. Currently the satellites used are the DMSP/SSMIS-16/17/18, GPM/GMI, and GCOM/AMSR2.

  - Ring Diam (km) indicates the estimated surface eyewall diameter if one is analyzed in the PMW imagery. The value listed is the average PMW-estimated inner eyewall edge diameter minus 10 km for eyewall slope. N/A indicates no appreciable eyewall is analyzed.

  - Ring Pct is the percentage of the analyzed "ring" (eyewall inner boundary) that is 1) colder than the eye Tb (the "hot spot" -- warmest eye pixel) by at least 20K, or 2) that is colder than 232K and colder than the eye Tb by 10K, whichever is greater. Values are red if Ring % ≤65,yellow/brown if Ring % ≤85 and green if Ring % >85. N/A indicates no appreciable eyewall is analyzed. A value over 85% is used in the intensity score by adding 15 points to it.

  - TbDiff is the difference between the warmest eye pixel and the warmest pixel on the eyewall. This value is used in the Intensity Score. N/A indicates no appreciable eyewall is analyzed.

  - Eye Score values are based on the strength and organization of the convective/eyewall signatures in the PMW imagery, and based on the ARCHER center location. They normally range from 0 to 100 with empirically-determined thresholds related to intensity (Vmax) in the "Meaning" column (≥20 suggests ≥65kts; ≥60 suggests ≥85kts). Scores are listed as negative, and not used by the ADT, when the NHC, CPHC, or JTWC Best Track Vmax is <55 kts in order to filter out occasional "false eye" cases. A value of -920 is used when the warmest eye pixel is <200K to prevent false positives; -930 means edge of overpass and <85% of eyewall is captured and therefore can't fully be analyzed.